Alopecia is a medical condition that causes excessive hair loss. There are several types of alopecia, but the form that triggered the controversy in the latest edition of Oscars is Alopecia areata. It is an autoimmune skin disease that causes the hair from the scalp, face, and other parts of the body to fall. The other two main types of alopecia are alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis.
Alopecia occurs when the body’s immune system attacks healthy hair follicles and causes the hair to fall out. Hair loss due to alopecia can happen at any age, but usually, people develop it as children or teenagers, and about half experience hair regrowth within 12 months. Afterward, the hair may not fall out again, or this cycle of falling and growing back of hair may continue for years. In some serious cases, hair after falling out does not grow back and hence causes balding.
Unfortunately, there is no permanent cure for alopecia. And although there are many treatment options, that are found effective in treating this medical condition. Topical or injected steroids, Janus kinase inhibitors, platelet-rich plasma, or anti-inflammatory medications like Rogaine are used for treating alopecia.