Parallely, there are strong cultural prohibitions in some parts of the country against women undertaking job outside home, both for the purpose of demonstrating men's status as providers, and to protect women's sexuality (and thereby men's honour) from other men.
However, in a brilliant move to improve gender diversity, IT giants like Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Wipro and HCL Tech are in talks to hire close to 60,000 women from campuses this year.
At least 60% of new employees hired from campuses at HCL this year would be women. Wipro and Infosys are each targeting this to be about half the entry-level recruitments. At TCS, this is likely to be 38-45% as in the past three years.
HCL Tech, which plans to hire 22,000 freshers from campuses this year, is the most ambitious of the lot. The company aims to touch the 50:50 mix in gender diversity in the coming years.
Meanwhile, the technology industry in India currently has a gender diversity ratio of 33%, a result of significant industry interventions over the years.