The liable cause of the accident had claimed 21 lives of Air India Express carsh at Kozhikode airport in 2020 was the negligence of Standard Operating Procedure (SoP) by the pilot in command.
As per to the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau, 257-page report that was released on Saturday, stated, "The probable cause of the accident was the non adherence to SOP by the PF, wherein, he continued an unstabilized approach and landed beyond the touchdown zone, half way down the runway, in spite of 'Go Around' call by 'PM' which warranted a mandatory 'Go Around' and the failure of the 'PM' to take over controls and execute a 'Go Around'."
In aviation lingo, a 'Go Around' is referred to a move in which pilots decide to abort a flight landing before or after touching down if they feel that they may not be able to land the aircraft to a safe stop.
The investigation team viewpoint states that the role of systemic failures as a contributory factor cannot be pass over the in this mishap.
A large number of similar crash or accidents that have still taking place, and more so in AIXL, strengthened the existing systemic failures within the aviation industry.
The reports says that these mishaps usually occur due to existing safety culture that give a dawn to errors, mistakes and violation of routine tasks thst are performed by people operating within the system.
According to the reports, the decisions followed by the actions that were taken by the 'pilot in-command' were directed by a mislaid motivation to land back at Kozhikode to operate next day morning flight AXB 1373.
The report said that the absence if sufficient number of Captains at Kozhikode airport was the result of faulty AIXL HR policy that does not take into account operational requirement while assigning permanent base to its Captains.
There was only the captain at Kozhikode airport against the 26 First Officers on the posted power.
The investigating report additionally quoted that PIC had the vast experience of landing at Kozhikode under similar weather conditions.