Fertility can be a very sensitive subject. Some couples can conceive even without trying while others have to try for months or years.
Alcohol affects every body differently, but there is no question that alcohol has a negative impact on fertility of both men and women.
Official guidelines in the United Kingdom, United States of America and a number of other countries recommended that couples should cut down alcohol while conceiving.
But, there are not a lot of research work that evaluates the effects of alcohol consumption on reproduction system.
Alcohol consumption in women leads to ovulation disorders, which adversely affects the release of eggs from the ovaries. This also includes hormonal disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOD), hyperprolactinemia and thyroid problems.
Men who drinks regularly can cause impotence, reduce their libido and their sexual performance as well as it will affect the quality of their sperm.
In a journal called Fertility Research and Practice in 2017, the authors looked at the effect of alcohol on rates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, which is risk of fetal loss and risk of stillbirth.
The study showed that less than five 6-ounce servings per month was associated with the increased ovarian reserve among women with regular menstruation cycles and were not yet pregnant.
With regards to fertility, most researchers indicate that when it comes to consumption of food, alcohol and caffeine, moderation is key. But authors concluded and recommended to not drink and never recommend binge-drinking.
To protect fertility, both men and women should avoid drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, caffeine, over exercising and exposure to toxins.
And, to promote fertility, one should maintain a healthy weight, prevent sexually transmitted diseases and minimize stress.
If a couple thinking about conceiving then they should highlight the impact of their lifestyle choices on fertility and should consult a health care provider which can help to improve fertility.