According to a recent study, in 2020 the life expectancy at birth in India will be reduced by almost two years. This new study is published by researchers from the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS).
This significant reduction in time was due to the excess deaths which is caused by Covid-19 between the 35-79 age group.
The study was published on Thursday in the BMC Public Health, also highlights the age-wise mortality disruptions which are caused by the Covid pandemic that has impacted men more than women.
“The inequality in the deaths by age groups was higher in men,” said Suryakant Yadav from IIPS. He co-authored the paper along with Neha Yadav from JNU and Pawan Kumar Yadav from IIPS. He pointed out that this may be due to external factors as men were more exposed due to women.
According to WHO, the Life expectancy at birth reflects the overall mortality level of a population. The rule tells the mortality pattern which prevails across all the age groups.
For conducting the study, the authors retrieved data between 30 January 30, 2020 and 31 December, 2020 from the Covid-19-India Application Programming Interface (API) portal. The researchers also retrieved the data of 21 causes of deaths compiled under the Global Burden of Disease.
“We collated these data sets and altogether had 22 causes of deaths with the addition of Covid-19. We used a life table methodology to analyse the impact of Covid-19 and found a drop of two years in the life expectancy at birth,” said Yadav.
This study said that the Covid-19 disease demonstrates the power to cancel the gains of around six to eight years in life expectancy at birth and five years in inequality in age at death.