Ma Durga and her four children - Lakshmi, Saraswati, Kartik and Ganesha are arriving in city very soon, after waiting for a year long.
Durga Puja is starting on October 11 and ending on October 15 with Vijaya Dashami.
All five days of the biggest festival have unique ritual and ceremonies which are hardly known to us.
So, here is list of all the rituals and ceremonies which are performed on Durga Puja:
1. Bodhon : The actual Durga Pujo starts on Maha Shashti with a welcoming ceremony which is called Bodhon. The face of Ma Durga is unveiled amidst the sound of Dhak (drums) and shankha dhwani or the sound of the conch and most people wear new clothes.
2. Kola Bou Snan or Nabapatrika : The Maha Saptami starts with a key ceremony called the Nabapatrika or the Kola Bou Snan. A small banana plant, that symbolises the wife of Ganesha, is wrapped in a red bordered saree and bathed in any water body close by.
The banana plant has eight leaves andb eight auspicious trees are tied to it which signifies the nine avatars of Ma Durga. Nabapatrika holds key significance for farmers, in rural Bengal, farmers offer special prayers for a good harvest.
3. Kumari Puja: The main rituals are Kumari Puja, Anjali and Shandhi Puja is performed on Maha Ashamed. Kumari Puja involves worshipping a little girl as the young form of the Ma Durga. Anjali or the flora offeringsto Ma Durga by devotees normally take place around mid-day and several large community Durga Pujas, Anjali happens in batches as hundreds of people gather at the pandals.
4. Shandhi Puja: Before Maha Ashtami day is over, Shandhi Puja is done. The grand ritual that requires the lighting of a hundred and eight diyas, yagya and Chandi Path and mantras that are dedicated to Ma Durga.
5. Dhunuchi Naach: This is a very special part of the celebrations. Dhunuchi Naach is generally performed on Maha Ashtami and Maha Navami evenings. People dance to the beats of the dhak with dhunuchi or clay pots filled with coconut husks, powdered incense and camphor. This part of the celebrations forms an unique atmosphere and attracts people to the puja pandals.
6. Sindur Khela and Visarjan: Durga Pujo ends on VijayaDashami. The main rituals and ceremonies are done before Visarjan or immersion of the Ma Durga idols are boron or bidding the goddess afarewell till next year followed by Sindur Khela.
Sindur Khela is a ritual where married women put vermillion on each other and exchange sweets and greetings for a joygul year ahead.