During the meeting, which went for an hour and was "very warm", as described by PM Modi, Pope was invited to India by the Prime Minister.
The ministry of external affairs said Pope Francis has accepted Modi's invitation and is looking forward to visiting India. "The last papal visit to India was in 1999 when Pope John Paul II visited the country. Pope Francis has accepted PM Modi's invitation. In his own words, he said: 'You (PM Modi) have given me the greatest gift. I am looking forward to visiting India'," foreign secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla said.
"India is a vibrant and inclusive democracy, where the Christian community has played a pivotal role in areas like politics, films, business & armed forces. Under Modi Ji's leadership India is marching ahead on the path of 'Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayas'," Nadda said in a tweet.
RSS general secretary Dattatreya Hosable said the meeting enhanced the prestige of the country.
This was the first meeting between an Indian Prime Minister and the Pope in more than two decades. The last such meeting was in June 2000, when then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee visited the Vatican and met the then Pope, His Holiness John Paul II.