The government of Delhi on 16 August gave allowance to the National Highway Authority of India to axe 6,600 trees to build a third ring road for the capital with condition that 4,365 of these trees would be transplanted.
In the capital city, around 40 new projects have been approved on the condition of tree transplantation, including the Central Vista Project which could require a large number of trees and few of the oldest tress to be felled.
The capital government's Tree Transplantation Policy of December 2020 that needs building agencies to transplant 80 percent of the trees they uproot.
These big projects had planned with little thought for their environmental impact which have left the cities with lessen tree cover.
Several examples across the country showcases; Nagpur, once one of Indian greenest cities, has lost over or 40 sq km of its green cover due to infrastructural projects between 1999 and 2018 that had reduced its green cover from 31 percent of the city's area to 21 percent as per a 2019 study.
As per to the last BMC Tree Census, 2018 as 94 percent of Mumbai has been nail down over 40 years and the metropolis has only one tree for every four persons.
With an estimated 1.47 million trees (2013 figures) in Bengaluru, there are 0.166 trees per person and the ideal tree-human ratio is 8:1.
The India State of Forest Report, 2019 has revealed that country's total tree cover is 95,027 sq km, which is just 2.89 percent of its geographical area.
Tree transplantation has not been effective in cities because there is no proper process followed and the penalty for failure is not enough of a dissuasion.
The Karnataka High Court, while hearing a public interest plea filed by the NGO Bangalore Environment Trust (BET) against indiscriminate tree felling by BMRCL.
It constituted a panel to select sites for transplantation and requested separate budgets for transplantation and aftercare. But the orders were not organized to apply evenly across projects in the state.
The best success rate in transplantation have native trees, and experts alleged that non-native exotic trees are transplanted the most.