Gynaecological Cancer: Prevention and Screening

In our country India, around 1.4 million people are diagnosed with cancer annually while 8,50,000 cancer patients die of it every year

Cancer has emerged as one of the contributors of major problems to human health.This disease has many theories and always presents with different signs and symptoms as per the organ of origin.


In our country India, around 1.4 million people are diagnosed with cancer annually while 8,50,000 cancer patients die of it every year. It can arise in any part of the body like breast, lung, mouth, cervix, stomach and head & neck. These major cancer types are preventable but the majority of cases are diagnosed at advanced stages.


Gynaecological cancers are among the common cancers in women and are an important health issue. Because of the lack of cancer awareness, variable pathology, and proper screening facilities in developing countries, most women report this disease at advanced stages. So doctors say that this is an important agenda to focus more on cancer prevention and screening to make sure that cancer patients should reach the hospital in time.


Because of the Screening which plays an important role in detecting cancers at an early stage before appearance of the symptoms. Most of the cancer cases are in low and middle income countries and are presented to hospitals at an advanced stage.


Health promotion interventions can help to decrease the incidence specially cancer.

These activities as a preventive measure for cancer are focused on underlying risk factors like physical inactivity, overweight and obesity even dietary factors includes fruit and vegetable intake, tobacco and alcohol use, infections, and environmental and occupational exposure.



Chemoprevention of the disease :


According to doctors, there are many medicines and agents which are used to delay the progression of disease which are known as chemoprevention.


Recently, advancement of research has given more insight about cancer biology and so many of the therapeutic agents for chemoprevention are currently under trials.


The HPV vaccines are proven to be clinically beneficial to lower the burden of cervical carcinoma. The diet which are rich in vitamin C significantly reduces the risk of cervical cancer. Many other trials were conducted using products like beta carotene and folic acid but none of them were found to be clinically beneficial.


Evidence-Based Cancer Prevention & Screening:


The prevention and screening of cancer focus on reducing the incidence and mortality. It is proved to be an important step to make the general public more aware about symptoms of different cancers as the prevention of cancer includes change in lifestyle and eating habits, behaviour change etc.


In short, the challenges of preventable cancer may be dealt with indigenous and country-specific steps which may result in a sustainable long term control of the disease of cancer.

India Scanner News Network

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