Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chairman and Secretary Dr.K.Sivan in his address to the students and faculty of UPES University said that Chandraayaan-3 (moon mission) is planned to be launched in mid-2022. He said “We have identified, understood the deficiencies of Chandrayaan-2 and taken corrective measures for the next mission, which we are planning for launch within first half of 2022.” He also said that “Gaganyaan (spaceflight) design is in the final stages and project realization has started for first unmanned mission trial by this year-end.”
He delivered his speech on ‘Future of Aerospace and Avionics’ in India in the aforesaid program. He said that in the near future payload capability to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) will be increased to 5 tons (an increase from the current 4 tons) using a semi-cryogenic engine on the existing GSLV Mk3 rocket. Semi-cryo engines burn rocket-grade kerosene and liquid oxygen, such engines are powerful, environmental friendly and cost-effective. ISRO is also shifting towards environmental-friendly rocket fuels by using Liquid oxygen-methane and similar green propellants. Methane is a clean burning fuel that leaves no residue, as opposed to kerosene.
He also said India’s first test facility for a semi-cryogenic engine is expected to be ready by later this year and that India had articulated a rocket grade kerosene called ‘ISROsene’ (to fuel the semi-cryo engines) and ISRO is also working with industry partners on the long-term production capability of this fuel.