India to begin its fresh tenure as a non-permanent member of UNSC

It is the eighth time that India will seat as a non-permanent member of UNSC

India will sit in the 15-nation United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the 2021-22 terms as a non-permanent member of UNSC. It is the eighth time that India will seat for the same. Along with India, Norway, Kenya, Ireland and Mexico will join the other non-permanent members Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Vietnam and the five permanent members China, France, Russia, UK and the US. India will be UNSC President in August 2021 and will preside over the council again for a month in 2022.The presidency of the council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States' names. India, the endorsed candidate from the Asia-Pacific States, won 184 votes out of the 192 ballots cast in the elections in June for the five non-permanent seats of the Security Council.
 
India's Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador T S Tirumurti said India will "definitely" emphasise a greater need for cooperation in the council, which should not be a place where because of any paralysis of decision making, urgent requirements do not get properly focused. India's message will also be to ensure "how do we let diversity flourish in a united framework, which is in many ways the United Nations itself. This is something which India as a country, as what it stands for, will take to the council."I feel India's presence in the Security Council is needed at this juncture when there are deep fissures between P-5 themselves and also between other countries. The UN is losing coherence and we hope to bring this back by focusing on issues of priority to all Member States," Tirumurti said. He also added “The current multilateralism is not factoring in multipolarity. When you have a structure, which is able to accommodate the multi-polarity in a multilateral framework, then automatically (there is) a more responsive, more rule-bound and more inclusive process," and said that “that this will lead to reform in the multilateral system.” Apart from that he also focussed on “Tirumurti has outlined counter-terrorism, peacekeeping, maritime security, reformed multilateralism, technology for the people, women and youth and developmental issues, especially in the context of peace-building, as India's priorities for the UNSC tenure.”
 
The key issue that had been focussed:-
India highlighted the importance of respect for rule of law and international law.India has been at the forefront of the years-long efforts to reform the Security Council, and it’s rightly deserves a place as a permanent member of the council, which in its current form does not represent the geo-political realities of the 21st century.
•             Reform of UNSC
India who had been the forerunner of the reform of UNSC focused on the long-delayed UNSC reforms, Tirumurti has also criticised the lack of progress and said that hardly anything has happened in the last decade."Not a single thing has moved. Is this the type of process we want or can we collectively come to a slightly better process which will yield results," he said.He underlined that it was time for a "genuine process" wherein Member States work with a single text for negotiations.
•             Cross Border Terrorism
Tirumurti also said that in the last few months, he has tried to define India's interests a "bit more sharply", including on the question of terrorism."We have said that let us pursue terrorism with a single-minded determination and not start giving excuses and justifications for these," India will also look at very specific issues which are on the agenda of the council, relating to countries, specific topics. "What will happen is that the trend of the last few months of trying to define our interests a bit more sharply will continue as we go into the UNSC," he said.
•             Global issues
Tirumurti has emphasised that in the Security Council, India will be a strong voice for the developing world.He cited the example of issues related to Africa, including peacekeeping mandates, and said that India has always maintained that Africa should have a say in decisions pertaining to it and not have other countries alone decide."if Afghanistan wants a peace process, let Afghanistan have a say in it. We will be a country which will stand up for developing countries," he said.
 
Significance for India
Addressing the virtual high-level General Assembly session in September, Prime Minister NarendraModi had said that as a Security Council member, India will not hesitate to raise its voice against the enemies of humanity, including terrorism, and will always speak in support of peace, security and prosperity. He pointed out that it is the "need of the hour” as he questioned “that for how long will India, the world's largest democracy and home to 1.3 billion people, be kept out of the decision-making structures of the UN”.
The Prime Minister “need of an hour” surely focuses on the on-going external threats that had been going on. Being situated on hostile neighbour, on one side there series of cross border terrorism, ceasefire violation going on the valley, on the other side; there also territorial disputes on Aksai Chin and Siachen Glacier by China. Both Pakistan and China prove to be hostile for India. The two years will surely prove to resolve these conflicts and secure the India’s security. Terrorism is also given priority. India will thus focus on resolving the on-going crisis.  

Ankita Chakraborty

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